When I first started writing Rayner Reckons, I wasn't really sure what reception they might get from clients or the general population. I'm happy to say that in general the feedback is pretty positive. Not many people write comments on each post, however a lot more people often bail me up in person to mention something about a post they have read or enjoyed.
I'm very pleased that the blogs are useful and thought provoking. I really want these updates to be about topics or ideas that can help answer a question or be a spur towards a new practice in your own program. I also want them to showcase the amazing clients I get to work with and to highlight ways in which my business can help you run your program a little more efficiently.
I reckon one of the downsides with a blog is you do need to be able to access the internet and spend the time reading each post. I spend a lot of time in the car or on planes travelling, and my opportunity to access the internet is a bit restricted.
I tend to spend a lot of my travelling listening to audio books. In recent months I've been listening to a lot more podcasts. A podcast is basically a downloaded file that can be of a radio program, book, interview or lecture. In fact a lot of things are now available to listen to on line as a podcast.
The has got me thinking, and knowing I'm not alone in wanting something to listen to when I'm travelling or for some people wanting something to listen to when they are out doing other things, or even at night drifting off to sleep.
So this has lead me to developing a podcast of Rayner Reckons! Each week I will be recording a short podcast of around 10 minutes to discuss some of the topics I think are important for producers to know about. I'm hoping as time goes on to record and share some of the thoughts of industry leaders and to even highlight a few of the visits and projects I have with RaynerAg clients.
The podcasts won't replace the Rayner Reckons blog. I see it as another way of sharing ideas and keeping you on top of events and information.
If you haven't used a podcast before you can listen on line by clicking on the podcast you want to listen to. If you'd like to download it and add it to your iPod or MP3 player, you can search for Rayner Reckons on iTunes and have the latest podcast downloaded for you to listen to when it suits you!
I'm quite excited about this new option for sharing ideas and information and I hope you get a kick out of listening to some of the points I've shared.
This time of year my mailbox fills up with catalogues for bull sales being held across the north west of NSW and southern Queensland. Don't get me wrong, I'm glad to be on the mailing list for so many different operations. Its important I know what bulls are being offered and its important I'm able to know these things if I'm going to do my job properly advising clients of what sire decisions they should consider.
One thing that stands out for me, is the number of bulls available each year, and the overwhelming amount of information that is now available for producers. Its impressive and exciting that we can make decisions about the genetic potential of a bull and not be wholly reliant on visual observation and pedigree.
With the availability of EBVs, we now have much more information regarding the genetic potential of a bull to improve herd performance in numerous traits. That information can be vital in making progress in your herd. Especially when you remember that genetic improvement is both long term and cumulative in your herd.
However, in practical terms how do you work your way through a catalogue, let alone several catalogues that may arrive on your desk? I thought I might spend a bit of time offering a few suggestions to make sure you use your catalogue to its full potential, and the bull sale vendors get a return on their investment of producing the catalogues in the first place!
The starting point, as obvious as it seems, is to know what breed you are actually interested in looking at for your next sire! In my case I have a lot of breeds to be across. But for most producers there is really only a need to worry about bulls from the breeds they use in their herds. This is important because you shouldn't be attempting to compare the EBVs of breeds against each other! While the traits recorded may be the same, the EBVs that are published have different values.
When you choose a sire, you should be looking for a sire that will contribute the genetics to move your herd in a specific direction. So ask yourself what is it you want to achieve with your herd? Do you want to improve your growth rate to turn steers off earlier? Do you need more fatness? How big do you want your cows to be in your herd, and so what is the mature size potential of a bull daughters? There are plenty of questions to ask, and you need to have the answers in mind.
With these answers, you can start to look at a catalogue! The front of the catalogues contain valuable information about the sale, and buying conditions. They also contain the information on the breed EBVs. This includes breed average as well as in the breed leaders across the traits. This is designed to help you know if a bull is likely to offer you a genetic advantage in the traits you may be looking for.
The following pages contain information such as reference sires, and this often helps you determine what pedigrees and what breeding objectives the bulk breeder has in mind.
The majority of the catalogue is then made up of information on each bull on offer. Each description includes the Lot Number, Registered Name, Pedigree and Breedplan information (EBVs). Most entries also contain the breeders comments or thoughts.
There are different considerations here. If you are following pedigrees and using specific sire lines in your herd, the pedigree is important information.
Most people in a commercial operation don't need to spend a lot of time on pedigree. Instead look at the EBVs.
The EBVs you should look at are the ones that are important to your breeding direction! If for example you want to improve yield and eye muscle area, these are the EBVs to look at! If it helps, highlight the bulls that fall within your desired range. Often this will be the bulls that have a high accuracy of EBV data and are above breed average in that trait.
If the bulls don't have the genetic potential for your herd direction, then don't spend time worrying about them!
The reality is, most sale offerings of bulls will only have a small proportion of bulls suitable for the direction of your herd. Its not to say there are bulls that are no good. It means not every bull will suit every operation. So spend time looking for the right one. Remember a bulls influence can last up to three generations, so choosing the right one is important.
There is another way to find the sires in a catalogue. The electronic version is to use the BreedObject website. BredeObject allows you to search the catalogues in your breed, and rank animals on either $ Index values, or around the EBVs that you have identified as important in your herd direction.
Basically BreeObject lets you automatically search the bulls being offered and identified them. When you have a result, you can highlight those bulls in the catalogue and take that list of bulls to the sale.
The most important part of the process is to not worry about all the other bulls on offer at a particular sale!
Trust your list and your identified set of animals. These are the ones you know will be genetically most suited to your herd direction and production goals.
When you get to the sale, take the time to look at the bus you have identified. This is your chance to look critically at each bull and assess if his physical attributes are best suited to your herd.
If you have any doubts or you can clearly see the bull doesn't suit your cow herd, then yo can move to the next bull on your list. By the end of the process you should have a purchase list of bulls in order, and it should be a list you can have a lot of confidence in, based on the genetic information available and on your physical assessment!
Its true this approach is perhaps a little more structured than many people are used to. But if you want to make the best decision and purchase a bull to take your program forwards, then I reckon you should do a bit of preparation! If you're not sure where to start, then feel free to give me a call and get some advice. When you do put the work in, you will find your catalogues to be a key stone in the preparation and on the day you buy your next sire.
Do you have a benchmark for production? How do your management practices sit with best practice or against similar operations? These are the types of questions I'm often asked by producers. And these are questions not just being asked by my clients, I often get them in general discussions at field days, the saleyards, pretty much anywhere where a few producers might be chatting.
So how do you compare against others? Does it even matter? Well I guess what matters is if you are operating a financial and environmentally sustainable enterprise. If you are doing that I reckon it doesn't really matter what everyone else is doing!
Having said that, for most producers I know, there is always scope to improve their management or their production systems in some way. Benchmarks can be a really useful tool to make those improvements.
When I mentioned this to someone this week, their response was how are benchmarks useful? I reckon one of the best responses is that to create a benchmark, you have to make the time to consider what is being measured and actually respond with some real data.
The very fact that real data is required actually causes producers to start considering what is actually happening in their programs. It is very easy to overlook parts of the enterprise - the little things if you like, that on their own don't seem that important. But when you accumulate a few of those things, they can have a massive effect on the overall business.
I reckon comparing your performance against a benchmark gives you a chance to objectively measure where your program is heading. The way this needs to be done however is not to think that a once only assessment will mean very much.
The first time you compare yourself to a benchmark you are really only comparing yourself to a single point in time. You might be on par with that point, you could be above it or below it. Whichever way you compare, the first time is really just the starting point.
To get some value, and make useful decisions, you need to do some comparisons over a couple of years. This will show if there is a trend up or down.
Having said that, if there are some things that you identify as being well below the benchmark, its a chance to get in and try address those issues as quickly as you can!
The other question many producers ask sits around what do you benchmark yourself against? There are plenty of people throwing around benchmarks and production levels. How current are those levels, how realistic are they? These are all things to consider.
Personally I am a little unsure of what the realistic measures are for the producers I work with. And there seems to be a fair bit of variation in what people are doing. So this July I decided to conduct a benchmarking survey of RaynerAg clients and producers who use RaynerAg for advice. I have to say, its not a short survey! But if I'm going to collect data that I can use to help producers and have some meaningful benchmarks, well it has to cover a few things.
So far I have had some useful responses. I am getting much better picture of some general practices that we can all improve and a few useful trends on fertility that might provide some easy but effective strategies for breeders. Keep watching this space over the next few months and I'll share some of the findings as I complete the analysis.
If you haven't completed the survey and you'd like to be part of developing these benchmarks, please feel free to click on the link and complete the survey. I reckon we are all going to get a few useful results from the exercise!
How do you cope with cold weather? Some people seem to cope better with cold weather. After working in the New England region of NSW for many years, I don't mind the cold too much. I find that I can always put on some extra clothes, find a pair of gloves and even resort to a fleece lined hat for those cold bleak days! And on the days when it is too cold, wet or miserable to be outside, there are always things to do inside to stay out of the cold.
However, for your livestock, the cold is an entirely different matter. Livestock are impacted by cold weather, and if cold conditions are accompanied by some rain and wind, the impacts can be fatal.
Many people think sheep are the animals that are the most susceptible to the impact of cold. However cattle can be just as susceptible.
Several years ago I was told by a producer about an experience where some cattle were imported from a station in north Queensland to the New England. These cattle were brahmans just older than weaner age. The day after they arrived a snow event occurred and sadly some animals couldn't cope and died.
So cold conditions, wet weather, wind can all combine to have devastating impacts on your animals. And unlike the northern hemisphere, bringing animals inside is not really possible in Australia.
Can livestock cope with cold weather? The answer is they certainly can. The process of rumination does help them cope, as the rumination process releases plenty of heat that helps the animal stay a bit warmer. The other things that help animals cope are the condition that the animals are in. Livestock in average or better fat scores will cope more easily than lean or low fat scored animals.
Animals that are at risk are those that are in low condition. Young animals and older wake animals are also at risk, as are lactating animals or sheep fresh off shears.
So how can you help your animals cope with the cold? There are a few things you can do. These include:
- Provide hay for your livestock. Hay is slower to digest, which means the rumen will produce more heat as digestion occurs. This is especially important when the paddock feed is limited.
- Put animals in sheltered paddocks. If you have ever been in a paddock sheltered by some trees you will know the difference in temperature, particularly getting out of the wind. Grazing your stock in sheltered paddocks, with timber or protections that can reduce the wind chill will make a big difference to your animals.
- Avoid importing livestock from environments that not as cold! Livestock need some time to adjust to a new environment. They may not eat the new pastures, may be unhappy after transport and may have had time to explore their new home in time to find the sheltered paddocks or places in the paddock. Being hungry, cold and stressed places these animals at risk, and if they are young, weak or light in condition, the cold is a real threat.
- Draft your herd into fat scores. Its always good management to draft your herd so that you have them in similar weights and fat scores. The low conditioned animals, and the lighter ones need to be given particular care at the best of times, but during cold, this care is particularly important. These are the animals that should have first option for shelter and definitely need your attention.
Fortunately the cold weather in Australia doesn't last for too long. Snow is an occasion and doesn't bury pastures for months on end. The big risks are the cold windy days as cold fronts sweep up from the Antarctic. I reckon we are also fortunate in knowing when these events are on the way, so there is time to plan ahead. I reckon if cold is an issue for your stock, you need to think if you can help them cope more easily with hay and shelter. And if you are thinking of purchasing or moving a few animals onto your place, I reckon if you can consider the traditional impact on cold and determine if it is the best time for your region and for your animals to do that movement.
If you're happy with all that, and you've helped your animals cope as well as they can, I reckon you've earned some time inside by the fire!
How much do you trust your memory? I reckon most people would say they have a pretty good memory. But can you remember what you were doing this time last week? What about last month? Now ask yourself if you remember everything about the last time you worked with your cattle. Can you remember how many animals you saw; how many you treated; how many were below average in weight or fat score.
I've been listening to a podcast series while I've been driving called Serial. Its produced in the US by a journalist exploring the story of a young man arrested for the murder of his ex-girlfriend. The podcast has explored the case and the evidence around the case. There have been interviews with witnesses, the young man, the police. Its been fascinating to listen to.
What stands out for me, is how unreliable peoples memories actually are. Where they were, what they did, who they talked to etc. And these are not unimportant details! These things are important to find the murderer of a young girl and to prove the innocence or guilt of another person. That person could face the death penalty or life in prison. So remembering things is important!
Yet in lots of cases, people weren't really sure of events. They couldn't remember, or they assumed it sounded correct and so on. In any event it proves to me that we can't always trust our memories, especially with details that happen every day.
I started thinking about this following a few client visits this year. A big part of my job is to help make better decisions regarding the herd and the way the herd is managed.
In some cases, my clients weren't really sure of important details. Details such as length of joining; number of cows in the herd; average turn off weights into the feedlot or the number of cows sold out of the herd for non pregnancy.
Its not to say they didn't know the answers, its just that in a few cases, there was a little uncertainty.
Uncertainty troubles me! More and more in agriculture we need to find ways to be certain. Either to prove the integrity of our food production systems; to prove compliance with market programs; or simply to prepare a budget so we forecast income and meet the bills as they come in!
Its often in the little things, these details, that opportunities exist for improvement. Individually these opportunities may not be very large. However the accumulation of these opportunities often results in a significant difference in production or in profitability.
The key to all this is your records. How good are they? Without good records, you are reduced to relying on your memory. And if you are still thinking about just what it was you did with your cows this time last month, you might feel your memory is a little bit unreliable. The other downside with memory, is it is very hard to analyse your memory to identify trends or anomalies that might indicate a developing problem.
One of the keys in decision making, is to make an informed and timely decision. This is so true in agriculture. In your own business the best source of information will be your records. If you can't look at them, question them or get some advice on what your records are indicating, then your decisions will never be as good as they should be!
So my challenge to you is to think about the last time you worked with your cattle. If you kept records and can be confident in what you did and saw, then think about if you can use those records to make good decisions for the management of those cows. If you didn't keep records and you're not entirely certain of what you did, do you have total faith in your decisions for the best management of your cows. If thats the case, maybe its time t discuss with me the options for keeping records in your business.
In the last few weeks I have had four conversations with producers who are incredibly enthusiastic about a new plan. The plans were all different of course, but the enthusiasm was very similar. I love enthusiasm, and I am incredibly passionate about aiming for a goal. But! There are times when I do wonder, if the plan is realistic!
No doubt you have seen business coaches, life, coaches and other people sharing inspirational advice. Its not uncommon to see them as a motivational quote. You know the sort of thing, "Dream big" or "The only thing holding you back is yourself". There's nothing wrong with these motivations. It is vital to aim at goals and work towards them.
Having said that, dreams don't just happen! In a business, your ambitions are realised through hard work, through focussing on achieving targets, and on ensuring your capabilities meet your ambitions!
One of the discussions I had last week focussed on producing cattle to meet a certain market specification. The specification was pretty tight for weight and fat. Underpinning that requirement was the need for the cattle to be certified as PCAS. The top price on offer was almost $1.00/kg carcase weight above the normal rate. It was a really attractive option, and if you could produce cattle that met the certification requirements and more importantly hit the specification, the return was going to be significant.
However, there were a few issues. the most easily resolved was gaining PCAS certification. It required some paperwork and a bit of homework, but the effort involved was more than offset by the potential market opportunities.
The bigger issue was simply to do with the cattle that the producer owned, and the feeding regime the cattle were on.
Quite simply the cattle were never going to hit the specification for weight and fat. Most of them would have been too lean at the weight, and the grid discount for under finished cattle was pretty big.
At the same time the cattle were grazing a feed that was declining in quality, and were not gaining the weight needed to finish in time. They really needed a supplement to get the best use from the feed, but the options for the producer are limited by the PCAS requirements and the availability of supplements.
So there were a few things going wrong. The cattle, the feed and the restrictions of the program meant that the ambition to produce to that market wasn't going to happen easily.
The discussion I had with the producer was really interesting. The conversation started with the disappointment that was felt by the producer over the whole process. They felt they had wasted their time and there was some blame being levelled for that. Blame on themselves for wasting time and more interestingly, for listening to the wrong advice. The comment was "I should have never listened to them.." and "they said that.."
I'm not sure who these mysterious advisors are. I have a sneaking suspicion that advice was given by a range of people, from neighbours, agents, articles in the paper and perhaps a drinking mate in the local pub!
I have learnt that people listen with half an ear to things, often hearing what they want to hear. If it is a way to get more money, or in this care to chase a more lucrative market, the listening is often filtered through this filter of "getting more money".
The other conversation that stood out this week was with a producers wanting to complain about a market price at auction for steers sent to a show. The issue was a poor return and that it wasn't fair to see a low price for these animals after all the hard work that had been done to prepare them. It was an interesting conversation! Again, the issue was a bit more complex. The steers in question were under weight, had little fat cover and weren't really ready for the market. However the exhibitor had been told, that by preparing them and taking them to the show, the returns at the sale "shouldn't be too bad.."
That advice had come from someone who hadn't actually seen the exhibitors steers, didn't know the weight of the steers or even what they were going to be shown for. Yet the exhibitor accepted their advice and as result had a disappointing experience as a result! Again there was a lot of self blame for listening to bad advice and for asking the wrong people for input.
So what do you make of those experiences. I guess there are a few things. Firstly, if you are embarking on a new plan or working for an ambition you hold dearly, you need to be realistic about your capabilities. Can you really achieve that outcome with the resources you currently have to hand? Do your cattle really suit that market? Are your pastures really up to that level of production? Does that certification restrict you too much?
A more deeper question is what are you trying to achieve? If you want to make more returns and better profits, is there another way, that uses your resources efficiently and effectively? Can your ambitions and capabilities be more aligned in a different way?
I also have to ask, who are you getting advice from? If you are getting advice from someone who doesn't know what they are talking about, then really, what do you expect?
Just owning cows isn't always a qualification! Can your advisor explain the challenges and opportunities for your business. Have they looked at your animals and pastures? Do they really understand your system? Do they actually understand the market, or is it just pub talk? So many people talk a lot of rubbish that they have half heard or over heard in the pub / cafe / saleyards.
I reckon most people wouldn't make business decisions on gossip. Equally I don't think you would ask for computer repair advice from a plumber! So if you are looking for advice to help you match up your capabilities and your ambitions look for someone who actually can come and give you what you need.
Don't be afraid to invest in the right advice. Part of the disappointment in the conversations I had this week was a level of regret for lost income, lost opportunity, and more importantly for lost time and resources. Investing in the right advice at the right time would have made a big difference for both of these producers. I reckon free advice isn't always good advice. And when you lose money, you will always be further from your ambitions!
I have to admit I get excited when I talk to people about social media and using it in business. When I say social media, most people seem to roll their eyes as if to say, whats the point, or suggest the only value in social media is to have an online gossip or waste time.
I reckon that is a big underestimation of the usefulness of social media, particularly in business. A quick look at some of the numbers in Australia, suggest that of the people who have internet access, 60% have a Facebook account. The average use of Facebook is about 4 times a day and most people use it every day. Other social media tools like Twitter, Linkedin, YouTube and Trip Advisor all have significant use by Australians in all walks of life.
The simple fact is, we are an age where people expect to access information and a connection with trusted sources of that information immediately. If it is sharing family pictures or searching for information on the weather or a place to eat, people are turning to social media to get that information.
This is the opportunity to tap into that demand. Smart businesses see social media as a way of connecting with their customers and potential customers in a way that has never really been an option in the past. It is pretty obvious that people want to connect with businesses and products. They like to see images and stories of business and products they support doing well in the marketplace.
The best social media strategies encourage clients and other people to engage with a business. That engagement needs to lead to a recognition of the business as a 'go to' for information and ideas.
Well, thats what I am trying to achieve with RaynerAg and I have been teaching businesses how to do this in their own social media programs.
What does surprise me is how little though people give to the things they post and share on social media. I've seen all sorts of things from tweets that contain swear words, to nasty comments, negative observations or criticism of businesses or government policy. It seems some people confuse their ability to share their thoughts with the the impact their thoughts might have on their businesses recognition as a 'go to' source of information and ideas.
I reckon it is very unlikely that people are going to go looking for advice or to support a product when they see a series of negative posts or comments.
Many people think it is just common sense that you don't post negative material or comments. Yet every day I see them on Twitter, Facebook or on other sites. So I reckon there is a gap between common sense and what really happens!
Ideally when I am teaching businesses how to use social media as part of their brand awareness, I want them to see the excitement that comes from sharing ideas and information across a much broader range of people than they could access from traditional advertising. I really hope they become businesses that develop a reputation for information that is trusted and useful. More importantly I want to help businesses or individuals avoid posting something that makes me ask "Did you just tweet that?"
I'm often asked by producers for my ideas on ways to increase the income they receive for their cattle. Getting a better return is something most people want from their cattle. And along with the desire to make a better return, there is always some new idea or marketing strategy that someone wants to do because they have heard it will make them more money!
Sadly I don't think there is one simple scheme, breed or idea that will guarantee you will make more money! In my experience the way to make money in cattle production is through a combination of work and focus. And while most people work hard, the focus is often the area that is most lacking.
So what should you be focussing on? The first thing is your market. Australian beef markets are well defined. If you are selling cattle to a feedlot or to an abattoir, both of these destinations can clearly describe what type of cattle they want to buy and they can say how much they are prepared to pay for those cattle.
Despite these specifications being readily available, many people don't appreciate what a powerful tool they are in helping you make money.
Specifications provide you with target weights and fatness. This helps you determine suitable growth paths on farm for your animals. It means you can use your feed reserves and make grazing decisions that will direct your animals to a market end point. This is the focus that many people need to have but often don't.
Sadly I often see people who put cattle into a market and those animals are overweight or over fat. This creates a few problems. Firstly the animals are out of specification, and so will be valued at a discounted level. So instead of an optimum price per kilogram, it is sometime much lower than the animals deserve.
Secondly it takes your feed resources, and therefore adds to the cost of producing those animals, to get them to the weight you sold them. So not only are they worth less per kilogram, but you also wasted feed getting them to that point.
I reckon a lot of people don't notice they are losing money. The extra weight, even though it has a lower value, will mask the lower each animal has made. So that producers often miss the fact their animals didn't receive the optimum price.
Focussing on a market specification, either for feedlots of for processing, helps set realistic work goals. Decisions about grazing management, feeding programs and other tactical decisions become easier if you are working towards an end point.
More importantly at a strategic level you can start examining your genetics and your herd. Are your bulls helping you achieve the correct growth rates and level of fatness required by your target market? Do you need to be selecting a different type of cow in the breeding herd?
Are your pastures capable of supporting your growth program?
These are important decisions that can help you target your financial resources more effectively in the long term. While in the short term you can focus on hitting a market specification that will return you the greatest return.
I recently worked with a client who was aiming for a specification for a feedlot. The optimum price was for steers that were 400 - 449kg. Over 450kg the price difference was 5c/kg lower. Initially this didn't seem to bad, however we started to look at the feed resources we had to use. The extra cost in this instance to get steers over 450kg, effectively worked out to be the equivalent of a 25c/kg discount! We started to look at how we were growing those steers, and by aiming for an earlier turn off at the optimum weight we were able to save around $70/hd on the steers that normally would have been in the heavy category. To wrap this story up in past years about 10 - 15 steers would always have been too heavy, so we saved around $1000 by making a few changes and staying more focused on the plan!
There is no doubt we had to work a little bit harder and change a few management practices. However I reckon using resources more efficiently, and targeting a specification more closely, has helped realise better returns on farm.
I reckon working with producers to be more focussed and efficient in their work programs has helped gain a better return for the clients I've worked with.
I love agricultural shows! I'm not really sure where that love came from. I have an early memory of going to the Picton Show as a small child, and I remember seeing cattle being judged. I'm certain they were Charolais because in my mind they were big white animals. While Picton is now close to the outskirts of Sydney, the Royal Easter Show was too far for us to go to until I was much older.